One Czech and one Slovak solider were symbolically selected to carry out the sole assassination of a top Nazi in Europe during WWII, that of the acting “protector” of Bohemia and Moravia, Reinhardt Heydrich. The results were fatal to the daring assassins as well as for many other Czechs in the retributions that followed, as events to mark and examine the upcoming 70th anniversary of the still controversial attack explain.
Reinhard Heydrich, the top SS general who became a main architect of the Holocaust, was slain by Czechoslovak paratroopers 70 years ago this May. To mark the occasion, Prague 2 is erecting a model concentration camp on Karlovo náměstí, the district’s main square, where visitors can get a sense of what Nazi oppression was like during his reign as acting Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.
Czech resistance figher Jan Kubiš threw the grenade in the Prague attack that killed top SS general Reinhard Heydrich, in the most successful assassination attempt on a high-ranking Nazi during WWII. Kubiš later died when the attackers’ Prague hideaway was betrayed. But attempts by the village to honor its native son by turning his family home into a museum have met with stingy state support.
While monuments have been raised in Prague to the paratroopers who carried out the daring assasination of acting Reichsprotektor Reinhard Heydrich in 1942, as well as to the victims of German reprisals in the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky, the Jan. 26 memorial unveilled in Prague represents the belated recognition of civilians who died for assisting the British-backed ‘Operation Anthropoid’ plot.